Human Trafficking Information

Federal Definitions:

“Trafficking in persons” and “human trafficking” have been used as umbrella terms for the act of recruiting, harboring, transporting, providing, or obtaining a person for compelled labor or commercial sex acts through the use of force, fraud, or coercion. The Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA) of 2000 (Pub. L. 106-386), as amended, and the Palermo Protocol describe this compelled service using a number of different terms, including involuntary servitude, slavery or practices similar to slavery, debt bondage, and forced labor.

Department of State Trafficking Definition

Human smuggling centers on transportation and is generally defined as: Importation of people into the United States involving deliberate evasion of immigration laws. This offense includes bringing illegal aliens into the country, as well as the unlawful transportation and harboring of aliens already in the United States.

US Immigrations Definition of trafficking vs. smuggling

NYS Definitions:

Sex Trafficking:
Profiting from prostitution by providing drugs, using false or misleading statements, withholding or destroying government documents, debt servicing, force, a plan or pattern of coercive conduct, or other acts. Please note: Under the Federal definition of sex trafficking, victims under age 18 are automatically victims regardless of whether or not force, fraud or coercion is present.

Labor Trafficking:
Compelling or inducing another to engage in labor, or recruiting, enticing, harboring or transporting another by providing drugs, withholding or destroying government documents, debt servicing, force, or a plan or pattern of coercive conduct.

Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children (CSEC):
The commercial sexual exploitation of children consists of criminal practices that demean, degrade and threaten the physical and psychosocial integrity of children. There are three primary and interrelated forms of commercial sexual exploitation of children: prostitution, pornography and trafficking for sexual purposes. Other forms of commercial sexual exploitation of children include child sex tourism, child marriages and forced marriages.

ECPAT International Site

Anti-Trafficking Law:
The NYS Anti-Trafficking law established Human Trafficking as a state crime and established a process to “confirm” victims of Human Trafficking under this state law. Confirmed victims, if otherwise eligible, are eligible for benefits and services.

PDF of Human Trafficking legislation

Safe Harbor (Harbour) Law:
This law was created to protect sexually exploited children from being charged with a juvenile delinquent (JD) offense, in appropriate cases. The law defines children who are involved in these crimes as victims, not perpetrators. The Safe Harbor Law provides services to children who have been sexually exploited.

Saratoga Center for the Family hub for Safe Harbour information

Runaway and Homeless Youth Act:
NYS legislation for defining runaway and homeless youth, shelters, and enabling legislation. RHY programs have been serving trafficked and commercially sexually exploited youth as long as they have existed. They are able to provide necessary services to youth with few barriers.

Article 19-H Runaway and Homeless Youth act of 1978


CAPTAIN Youth and Family Services

5 Municipal Plaza, Clifton Park, NY 12065 



National Center for Missing and Exploited Children (NCMEC)

NCMEC/Capital Region in the Center for the Family

359 Ballston Ave., Saratoga Springs, NY 12866